Staying at home or living with a family member is the most common housing arrangement for aging adults. In order to coordinate and arrange for any type of assistance and/or services for in home, you will need to learn and understand the different options available:
The type of Eldercare will depend on a variety of factors. As we age, our needs change. Whether it is the ability to manage one’s home or a health condition that interfers with daily living. A needs assessment includes 1) The capability both physically and mentally to handle activities of daily living 2) Evaluation of the current living environment and 3) Status of personal finances.
Quite often adult children or other family members are unprepared for a crisis or series of events that impact the life of an aging adult. An imminent crisis or series of events can include falls, adverse reaction to medication, over medication, acute confusion and/or disorientation, or an acute medical event such as a stroke or heart attack. These events are followed by an emergency room visit, hospitalization or a physician’s appointment which typically result in the first of many recommendations for some type of Eldercare.
Hospice care provides medical services, emotional support, and spiritual resources for people who are in the last stages of a terminal illness, such as cancer or heart failure. Hospice care also helps family members manage the practical details and emotional challenges of caring for a dying loved one.
Home health care is defined as rendering predominantly medically-related services to patients in a home setting rather than in a medical facility. Basically, the home care practitioner will help patients increase their ability to tend to their everyday needs at home. Home health care may include skilled nursing in addition to speech, occupational and physical therapy. In many cases, it includes assistance with cooking and other household chores. It also includes monitoring the patient&'s prescriptions.
A non-medical home care agency can provide bathing and dressing assistance, medication reminders, and assistance with transferring from the bed to a chair. Caregivers will do household chores such as light cleaning, laundry, errand running, grocery shopping, picking up prescriptions, light meal preparation, and getting the mail. They will also provide services that help with socialization and transportation like accompanying the aging adult to a doctor's appointment, sitting and watching TV together, playing card games or board games, taking the senior to special events or senior centers, going to the library, and other social activities. Non-medical caregivers cannot assist with medication administration but can remind someone to take medications that have been pre-poured.